How to Change and Clean the Drain Filter of a Washing Machine

Jul 10, 2023, 11:41am

The drain pump allows the evacuation of waste water from the washing machine tub. It is made up of several elements: a motor, a pump body, a propeller and a filter cap.
When filling the washing machine, the pump body fills with water. Even if the drum is emptied, there will still be water in the drain pump.

You will need to clean or replace the drain pump if:

  • the device stops during the cycle
  • there is water in the drum at the end of the cycle.

On many porthole washing machines, the drain filter is located behind a drain trap. Easy to access, this hatch is located at the bottom of the front of your washing machine.

Some washing machines, often top-loading, do not have a drain hatch visible on the outside: you must then unscrew the drum vane which is inside the drum. The drain filter will then be accessible to be cleaned or changed.

The drain filter in a washing machine is a vital component that prevents debris, lint, and foreign objects from clogging the drain pump and causing drainage problems. Over time, the filter can become clogged, leading to issues such as slow draining or even a complete blockage. Regularly changing and cleaning the drain filter is essential for maintaining the efficiency and longevity of your washing machine. In this guide, we will walk you through the steps to change and clean the drain filter of a washing machine.

How to Change and Clean the Drain Filter of a Washing Machine

Safety Precautions

Before starting any maintenance work on your washing machine, it is important to prioritize safety. Always unplug the machine from the power source before attempting any repairs. Additionally, ensure you are working in a well-lit area and have towels or rags available to handle any water spills.

Tools Required

To change and clean the drain filter of a washing machine, you will need the following tools:

  • Towels or rags
  • Pliers or adjustable wrench
  • Bucket or basin
  • Screwdriver set (Phillips or Torx, depending on your machine)
  • Cleaning brush or toothbrush

Steps to Change and Clean the Drain Filter

Follow these steps to change and clean the drain filter of your washing machine:

Step 1: Unplug the Washing Machine

Ensure the washing machine is disconnected from the power source by unplugging it from the wall socket.

Step 2: Locate the Drain Filter

The drain filter is typically located at the front or bottom of the washing machine. Look for a small access panel or a round cap on the front of the machine. Consult your washing machine’s user manual or search online for specific information about the drain filter’s location in your particular model.

Step 3: Prepare for Water Spillage

Place towels or rags around the washing machine to absorb any water spills that may occur during the filter cleaning process. Additionally, place a bucket or basin under the filter area to catch any excess water.

Step 4: Open the Drain Filter Access Panel

Using the appropriate screwdriver, remove the screws securing the access panel or cap covering the drain filter. Set the screws aside in a safe place. Once the panel or cap is removed, you should see the drain filter behind it.

Step 5: Drain the Water

Carefully loosen the drain filter to allow any remaining water to drain into the bucket or basin. Be prepared for a significant amount of water to flow out, so ensure the container can hold it. If there is a drain hose attached to the filter, disconnect it and let the water flow into the bucket or basin.

Step 6: Remove and Clean the Drain Filter

Using pliers or an adjustable wrench, unscrew the drain filter from its housing. Once removed, inspect the filter for any debris, lint, or foreign objects. Clean the filter thoroughly using a cleaning brush or toothbrush under running water. Ensure all the accumulated dirt and debris are removed.

Step 7: Check the Drain Pump Cavity

While the drain filter is removed, check the drain pump cavity for any additional debris or objects. Carefully remove any obstructions using a pair of tweezers or pliers. Take extra care not to damage the pump or any delicate components inside.

Step 8: Reinstall the Drain Filter

After cleaning the drain filter and drain pump cavity, screw the drain filter back into its housing. Ensure it is tightened securely, but avoid overtightening to prevent damage.

How to Change and Clean the Drain Filter of a Washing Machine

Step 9: Reassemble and Test

Reattach the access panel or cap, and secure it with the screws you previously removed. Plug the washing machine back into the power source. Run a test cycle to ensure the drain filter is functioning properly and there are no leaks.

In conclusion, changing and cleaning the drain filter of a washing machine is an important maintenance task that ensures proper drainage and prevents clogs. By following these steps, you can easily perform this task and keep your washing machine running smoothly. Remember to consult your washing machine’s user manual for specific instructions and guidelines, as different models may have slight variations in the filter’s location and removal process. Regularly inspect and clean the drain filter to maintain the optimal performance of your washing machine.


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