The solenoid valve is used to supply the distribution of water, but also ice cubes from your American fridge.
The solenoid valve may need to be changed if:
- The fridge is leaking from behind or below
- The fridge no longer makes ice cubes
- The water dispenser is broken
- An error code is displayed
The solenoid valve is usually located at the bottom, at the rear of the device.
The solenoid valve in your refrigerator is an integral part of your appliance’s ice maker and water dispenser system. It is responsible for controlling the flow of water into the refrigerator. If your refrigerator is not making ice or dispensing water, it’s possible that the solenoid valve is malfunctioning. This article will guide you on how to test and replace a solenoid valve in an American refrigerator.
Tools You’ll Need
- Replacement solenoid valve (compatible with your refrigerator model)
- Adjustable wrench
How to Test the Solenoid Valve
- Unplug the Refrigerator: Always remember to disconnect your refrigerator from the power source before you begin any repair work.
- Locate the Solenoid Valve: The solenoid valve is usually located at the back of the refrigerator. You’ll need to pull the refrigerator away from the wall and locate the lower back panel.
- Access the Solenoid Valve: Remove the screws holding the back panel in place and carefully remove the panel to expose the solenoid valve.
- Disconnect the Solenoid Valve: The solenoid valve is connected by two wires. Disconnect these wires.
- Test the Solenoid Valve: With your multimeter set to the resistance setting (usually represented by the Greek letter Omega), place one probe on one terminal of the solenoid valve and the other probe on the other terminal. The resistance reading should be between 200 and 500 Ohms. If the reading is outside of this range or if there’s no reading at all, the solenoid valve is defective and needs to be replaced.
How to Replace the Solenoid Valve
- Disconnect the Water Line: Before you remove the solenoid valve, you’ll need to disconnect the water line. This can usually be done by unscrewing the nut connecting the water line to the solenoid valve using an adjustable wrench.
- Remove the Defective Solenoid Valve: The solenoid valve is usually secured to the refrigerator with a few screws. Remove these screws and carefully remove the solenoid valve.
- Install the New Solenoid Valve: Position the new solenoid valve in the same location as the old one. Secure it with the screws.
- Reconnect the Water Line and Wires: Connect the water line to the new solenoid valve and tighten the nut. Then, reconnect the wires.
- Replace the Back Panel and Plug in the Refrigerator: Reinstall the back panel and plug the refrigerator back in.
- Test the New Solenoid Valve: Test the ice maker and water dispenser to make sure they’re working correctly. It may take a few hours for the ice maker to start producing ice.
In conclusion, testing and replacing a solenoid valve in an American refrigerator is a manageable task for most DIY enthusiasts. However, if you’re not comfortable working with electrical appliances or if the problem persists after replacing the solenoid valve, it’s advisable to hire a professional.