The washing machine will turn at very high speed for the washing to be carried out correctly. In this way, during the spin cycle, the laundry will unfold and be less wet.
The drum will be driven by the belt and the pulley, themselves driven by the motor. The very sudden movements of the drum will then be slowed down by the counterweights, located on the sides of the tank as well as by the shock absorbers and the springs.
It is therefore normal for the washing machine to make noise and move due to these mechanical movements. However, it is possible that a part is defective and causes strong and abnormal vibrations. This can cause the washing machine to move and further damage it. It will then be necessary to check the elements of the washing machine and find out the origin of the problem.
Discovering that your washing machine vibrates or moves excessively during operation can be a cause for concern. Not only can it be noisy and disruptive, but it can also potentially damage the machine or surrounding structures. There are several reasons why a washing machine may vibrate or move, and understanding these causes can help you troubleshoot the issue and find a solution. In this article, we will explore the common reasons why washing machines vibrate or move and provide possible solutions to address the problem.
1. Uneven Load Distribution
One of the most common causes of washing machine vibrations is an uneven distribution of the load inside the drum. When the laundry is not properly distributed, it can create an imbalance during the spin cycle, leading to excessive vibration. To address this issue, make sure to evenly distribute the clothes inside the drum before starting the cycle. Avoid overloading the machine and ensure that the weight is evenly distributed.
2. Leveling Issues
If your washing machine is not properly leveled, it can lead to vibrations and movement during operation. Check if the machine is stable and sitting on a level surface. Use a spirit level to check if the machine is balanced and adjust the leveling feet accordingly. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to properly level the machine.
3. Machine Not Securely Anchored
Washing machines need to be securely anchored to the floor or wall to prevent excessive movement. If the machine is not properly anchored, it can vibrate or move during the spin cycle. Check if the machine is securely attached to the floor or wall and make any necessary adjustments or installations to improve stability.
4. Damaged or Worn Shock Absorbers
Shock absorbers are components that help dampen vibrations and stabilize the drum during operation. If the shock absorbers are damaged or worn out, they may not effectively reduce vibrations, leading to excessive movement of the machine. Inspect the shock absorbers for any signs of damage or wear and replace them if necessary.
5. Malfunctioning Suspension Springs
Suspension springs help support the weight of the drum and minimize vibrations. If the suspension springs are damaged or broken, they can cause the washing machine to vibrate or move excessively. Inspect the suspension springs for any signs of damage or breakage and replace them if needed.
6. Overloading the Machine
Overloading the washing machine with too much laundry can cause it to become unbalanced, leading to vibrations and movement. Follow the manufacturer’s guidelines for the maximum load capacity of your machine and avoid exceeding it.
7. Damaged or Worn Drum Bearings
Worn or damaged drum bearings can cause the drum to become misaligned, resulting in excessive vibrations during operation. If you notice any unusual noise coming from the machine, it may indicate a problem with the drum bearings. In such cases, it is recommended to contact a professional technician to diagnose and repair the issue.
Here are some troubleshooting steps you can try to address washing machine vibrations or movement:
- Check the load distribution: Ensure that the clothes inside the drum are evenly distributed.
- Level the machine: Use a spirit level to check if the machine is level and adjust the leveling feet accordingly.
- Secure the machine: Ensure that the machine is securely anchored to the floor or wall.
- Inspect shock absorbers and suspension springs: Check for any damage or wear and replace if necessary.
- Avoid overloading: Follow the manufacturer’s guidelines for the maximum load capacity.
If the problem persists or if you suspect a mechanical issue, it is best to seek professional assistance. Trying to fix the issue without proper knowledge or tools may cause further damage or compromise your safety.
In conclusion, excessive vibrations or movement of a washing machine can be caused by various factors, including uneven load distribution, leveling issues, insufficient anchoring, damaged or worn-out components, overloading, or damaged drum bearings. By understanding these causes and following the troubleshooting steps mentioned above, you can often address the issue and reduce or eliminate washing machine vibrations or movement. If the problem persists, it is advisable to consult a professional technician to diagnose and repair the specific issue with your washing machine.